Sidney bradshaw fay the origins of the world war thesis

As commercialpolicyis muchto the fore at present,and is likely to be for years, it might be thought that more documentsunder this head would have beenadvisable.

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But the editors, not unwisely,have kept in viewthe subject of colonial policyasa whole,rightlyassuming that solidresearch doesnot confineitselfto the narrowareaof onepart of the Empire only, nor to one phaseof a very broad subject. The present selection,in point of fact, provesthat he who setsout to master the entire problemhasa longroadbeforehim.

There is a full and agreeably written introduction on men and measuresassociatedwith the period, intimate sketchesof the Colonial Officeworthies, and of statesmen like Gleneld,Earl Grey, Elgin, andSir GeorgeGrey, and a developedpoint of view essentiallyEnglish,but not on that accountfailing to recognize the attitude, just or unjust, of the opinionsthat werestrugglingto assert themselvesbeyond the seas. In places, and they are few, where the Briton abroad would modify the conclusionsreached, the effect is to stimulate the enquirer to additional researchwhich is a usefulpurpose inabook ofthis kind.

Two Volumes. Toronto: The Macmillans in Canada.

Sidney B. Fay Biography | AHA

Between statesmen and diplomats excusingthemselves and accusingothers,patriotic historiansvindicating their countriesof "war guilt," and disillusioned radicalsrushingin to accuse their pre-warleaders,the watersof truth havebeensadlymuddied. However, the "bitter-enders," "salvagers," and "revisionists," asone American historian neatly dubbed them, have all agreedin saluting the pioneerwork of ProfessorFay of Smith Collegewho publishedduring in the American Historical Reviewthe first objective articles on the subject.

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Ever since,ProfessorFay hasserenelygoneon his way collecting his materials and publishing occasionalimportant articles and reviews. At one moment the "revisionists" would claim him as theirs because of his clashwith Mr. Seton-Watsonover Serbresponsibility for the murder of the Austrian archduke,while at another they would be confoundedby his praise of M. Renouvin for having written "the best comprehensive treatment in any language" upon the immediate origins of the war. For the introduction, other parts of the book only cited from the paper version. The English quotations are secondary translations from the French extracts.

Countdown to War, New York , p. See Geppert, Pressekriege , p.


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Caroll, French Public Opinion , p. Eine Bilanz, Paderborn et al.


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Rosenberger, Zeitungen als Kriegstreiber? Fay, Einfluss der Vorkriegspresse , p. A Study, London , p. Selected Bibliography Becker, Jean-Jacques: Bender, Steffen: Der Burenkrieg und die deutschsprachige Presse. Vom asiatischen Buchdruck zum Fernsehen , Frankfurt a. Campbell, W. Joseph: The Spanish-American War. American wars and the media in primary documents , Westport Greenwood Press. Exploring the intellectual frontiers in agenda-setting theory, Mahwah Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. Clark, Christopher M. How Europe went to war in , New York Harper.

Geppert, Dominik: Pressekriege. Kiessling, Friedrich: Das Paradox der Geheimdiplomatie. Meyer, Thomas: 'Endlich eine Tat, eine befreiende Tat'. Raithel, Thomas: Das 'Wunder' der inneren Einheit. Rosenberger, Bernhard: Zeitungen als Kriegstreiber?

The Great War

Metadata Subjects. Author Keywords. Other writers tend to avoid blaming any of the powers and prefer to place more weight on the circumstances surrounding the July Crisis of Furthermore, diplomatic terminology is useful for understanding the meaning of precise terms. The organization of the book makes an extremely complex subject matter very readable.


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For Martel, this meant that the system of alliances worked. He also surveys pacifist movements that became popular during this time, which indicates that public opinion trended toward peace. Williamson Jr. The assassination was just the latest in a list of crises for the Habsburg Empire. The fear of domestic disintegration made war an acceptable policy option. The Habsburg decision, backed by the Germans, gave the July crisis a momentum that rendered peace an early casualty.

The Outbreak of the First World War

When looking at the conflagration and returning to its causes, hindsight provides a clear picture of what happened and why. By examining the exact moment of crisis before the war, Martel does justice to the human aspects of the crisis itself. Very few powers were directly familiar with Balkan politics—arguably, only Austria-Hungary and Russia were deeply involved in this part of the world, and the rise of nation-states, like Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria, lessened their involvement in the region. The assassination has an odd relationship to the diplomatic struggle. It is usually treated as the precursor to the main event, and there is nothing unusual about Martel glossing over it in order to move to diplomatic responses.

Though there is little room to delve further, at least Martel provides the basic connection between the people and the decisions they made. His thesis relies on illuminating these personalities, and he does well to introduce the characters at appropriate times throughout the text. Each day is closely examined with correspondence, events, and other contextual facts designed to convey all that weighed on the minds of the leaders and states on the cusp of war. Martel further divides each chapter into sections designed to complete subplots within each day. These were some of the contentious themes that adopted other forms and variations throughout the crisis.

Martel integrates many internal and external factors to communicate the complexity of this crisis. Each of the powers had interests that conflicted with one another and could not be resolved without achieving a common understanding. It was not just friction among the powers that mattered; sometimes tensions were heightened within individual governments.