Quotations within an essay
Attempts to define writing as a tool suggest that it is strictly a utilitarian activity, when in fact, writing is a product and component of language and cannot be used and then set aside in the same manner as a tool Welch , In addition, it also signifies that you have synthesized the information and that you can present the information in a new way for a different audience.
Faulty paraphrasing, when writers use exact wording or sentence structure without also using quotation marks, is not only incorrect but can be considered plagiarism—whether it was intentional or accidental.
Quotations Add Credibility to a Persuasive Essay
If you have questions about integrating outside sources in your writing you have a number of options. First, ask your instructor for guidance. As always, review the citation style guide you are using to see more examples of these integration strategies. Including a list of Works Cited at the end of an essay is not enough. Learn how to cite the use of a source in the text of your paper.
Review five different methods for including the words of another writer or information from a research resource into the text of your paper. Find models and suggestions for citing Creative Commons images, video clips, music, or other materials.
Learn how to create an annotated bibliography for a class assignment or for your own use as a researcher and writer. Learn more about Zotero — a citation management tool to help you keep track of and organize various references for papers and projects. Search Site. Today's Hours Integrating Sources in the Text of Your Paper. Direct Quotation Definition : The use of the exact words of the writer, often in complete sentences, surrounded by quotation marks. Benefit of using this strategy : There is never any doubt that you have given credit to the source.
Partial Direct Quotation used to remove text from the middle of a quotation Definition: The use of a direct quotation in which a middle section of the quote has been removed. Partial Direct Quotation used in the same sentence along with your own wording Definition: The use of a direct quotation in which the beginning or end of the quote has been revised so that the sentence may be introduced or completed by your own words.
If the quotation ends with an exclamation point or question mark, that punctuation is included INSIDE the quotation mark. The period after the parenthetical reference is also retained.
How to quote sources
Quoting a passage which is four lines or longer in your text this passage should be indented ten spaces from the left margin :. It was so artistically done, and with so much fertility and gorgeous luxuriance of fancy, that it had all the effect of a last and fitting decoration to the apparel which she wore; and which was of a splendor in accordance with the taste of the age, but greatly beyond what was allowed by the sumptuary regulations of the colony.
Hawthorne In practice, the offset quotation should be double-spaced and you should double-space before and after the inserted quotation too. Note that there are no punctuation marks after the closing parenthesis and there are no quotations marks around the text itself. Basically, anything that you didn't know before starting your research needs to be cited. But you don't want your paper to be just a collection of other peoples' words. You want your paper to be in your own words as much as possible - your voice is the most important one!
- Suggested ways to introduce quotations.
- A Guide to Using Quotations in Essays.
- How to Put a Quote in an Essay (with Examples) - wikiHow.
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Only use direct quotes when there is no other way for you to state that idea any better. Here are some examples of how to cite sources in the text of your paper. Need help determining when to quote, paraphrase, and summarize? See this video for help. Whenever you include ideas that were not originally your own, even if you do not quote your source directly, you need to include the proper citation within the text.
MLA Formatting Quotations // Purdue Writing Lab
Some examples are included below:. Example: Sipher concludes his essay by insisting that schools have failed to fulfill their primary duty of education because they try to fill multiple social functions. Example: Some scholars believe that schools have failed to fulfill their primary duty of education because they try to fill multiple social functions Sipher, Note: You do not have to include page numbers in paraphrases.
Include them only when you feel it would help the reader find the information if it's coming from a very long work, for example. When a direct quotation is used, always include the author, year and page number as part of the citation. A quotation of fewer than 40 words should be enclosed in double quotation marks and should be incorporated into the formal structure of the sentence.
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Parenthetical citation before punctuation mark.