Proper citation format essay
For works with three or more authors, use the first author's last name followed by et al. For example: Wong et al. Need help with citation? Start here! MLA In-text citations In-text citations should be as brief and as clear as possible. Direct Quotations Place the author's name either in parentheses or within the sentence. For example: Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using MLA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. For example: According to Jones, MLA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Yates, Jane.
In the first example an online magazine article , the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited.
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- General Format;
If the title of the article was not named in the sentence, an abbreviated version would appear in a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence. Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows:. Taylor, Rumsey. Accessed 29 Sep. Accessed 2 April To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference.
For example: Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations, or common knowledge For example, it is expected that U.
Remember that citing sources is a rhetorical task, and, as such, can vary based on your audience. The MLA Handbook describes how to cite many different kinds of authors and content creators. A good way to do this is to simply use the standard MLA directions for a type of source that resembles the source you want to cite. You may also want to investigate whether a third-party organization has provided directions for how to cite this kind of source.
Citation Guide (MLA and APA)
In cases like this, however, it's a good idea to ask your instructor or supervisor whether using third-party citation guidelines might present problems. Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Wordsworth, William.
Oxford UP, Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change. Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. Relativity's theoretical foundations can be traced to earlier work by Faraday and Maxwell Einstein Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R.
Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A.
How Do I Cite Sources?
Miller Best and Marcus argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning 9. According to Franck et al. The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6.
Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle New Jerusalem Bible , Ezek.
Language & Lit
The basic format of a journal article reference involves listing authors by their last names followed by their initials. Next, the publication year is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. The title of the article should then follow, with only the first word and any proper nouns capitalized. The title of the journal should then follow along with the volume number, both of which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the article should also be included.
Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is available. Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. The basic format of an electronic reference is very similar to that of any other reference. However, you do need to include the date the reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the document. As you perform research and accumulate sources, always be sure to note the date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on the Web.
A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix a four-digit number assigned to organizations and a suffix a number assigned by the publisher. Many publishers will include the DOI on the first page of an electronic document.
If a DOI is available, simply include it at the end of the reference as follows — doi Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. J Nurses Prof Dev. More in Student Resources.
Title Page Example. Your title page should contain a running head that is flush left at the top of the page and a page number that is flush right at the top of the page.
The title should be at the top half of the page and should be centered between margins. Use both upper-case and lower-case letters. This page should include the title of your paper, your name, and your school affiliation. The APA suggests that your title is no more than 12 words in length. Avoid using titles or degree info such as Dr.
NROC Developmental English Foundations
Your title should be a very concise statement of what the reader will find in the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the major variables and the relationships between them. For example, "Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Math Performance" is an example of a succinct title that clearly describes what the paper is about. You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to your title. Reference Pages. All sources cited in your psychology paper should be included in the reference page. Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each source.
All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the reference needs to be indented. In article titles, only the first letter should be capitalized. If a colon appears in the title, the first letter after the colon should also be capitalized.