Microsoft word 2010 formatting your research paper using apa style
Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:. What is APA? APA Style establishes standards of written communication concerning:. When to use APA? APA Style describes rules for the preparation of manuscripts for writers and students in:. Administration of Justice: APA. Navigate to the Purdue OWL website for in-text citation formatting and examples. A A65 Times New Roman font.
In-Text Citations: The Basics
Author s : Basic Form The following rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work book, article, electronic resource, etc. Single Author Last name first, followed by author initials. Available from-- If a purchase is required to read the eBook. Direct quote-- Author's last name, publication year, and page number. Website Author, A. Title of document [Format description].
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E-ZPass is a life-saver literally [Blog post]. Autism treatment options. Interviews, Email, and Other Personal Communication No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3, General - Citations What is a citation?
Otherwise most printers will produce an image with poor contrast.
APA Writing Style Guide
In preparing figures, communication and readability must be the ultimate criteria. Avoid the temptation to use the special effects available in most advanced software packages. While three-dimensional effects, shading, and layered text may look interesting to the author, overuse, inconsistent use, and misuse may distort the data, and distract or even annoy readers. Design properly done is inconspicuous, almost invisible, because it supports communication. The APA has determined specifications for the size of figures and the fonts used in them.
Figures of one column must be between 2 and 3. Two-column figures must be between 4. The height of figures should not exceed the top and bottom margins. The text in a figure should be in a san serif font such as Helvetica, Arial, or Futura.
Q. How should I format my paragraphs if I'm using the APA Style rules?
The font size must be between eight and fourteen point. Use circles and squares to distinguish curves on a line graph at the same font size as the other labels. See examples above. For figures, make sure to include the figure number and a title with a legend and caption. Then type the title of the figure in sentence case. Follow the title with a legend that explains the symbols in the figure and a caption that explains the figure:. Figure 1.
Choose a Style
How to create figures in APA style. This figure illustrates effective elements in APA style figures. Captions serve as a brief, but complete, explanation and as a title. If the figure has a title in the image, crop it. Graphs should always include a legend that explains the symbols, abbreviations, and terminology used in the figure. These terms must be consistent with those used in the text and in other figures. The lettering in the legend should be of the same type and size as that used in the figure.
APA Writing Style Guide - The Learning Center
There are a few common trends in abbreviating that you should follow when using APA, though there are always exceptions to these rules. When abbreviating a term, use the full term the first time you use it, followed immediately by the abbreviation in parentheses. According to the American Psychological Association APA , abbreviations are best used only when they allow for clear communication with the audience. Exceptions : Standard abbreviations like units of measurement and states do not need to be written out.
Exceptions : Use a period when abbreviating the United States as an adjective U. Marines or U. Units of measurement and statistical abbreviations should only be abbreviated when accompanied by numerical values:. Citations should be as condensed as possible, so you should know the basic rules of abbreviation endorsed by the APA to provide your readers with reference information.
When including statistics in written text, be sure to include enough information for the reader to understand the study. Although the amount of explanation and data included depends upon the study, APA style has guidelines for the representation of statistical information:.
The APA poster at the link below is a printable jpg file you may download and print out at different sizes for use in classrooms, writing centers, or as a pocket reference. Please keep in mind that the file size, as a print-quality resource dpi , is large, so it may take a while to download. You may adjust the print size of the poster from your print menu. As is, the poster is 27 x 36 inches.
Because the poster is quite large, standard printers cannot print the poster. If you do not have access to a printer that can print large documents, contact a local print shop to print the poster. The Purdue OWL cannot grant requests to print and mail posters. This resource presents the changes made between the fifth and sixth editions. Please note that the first printing of the APA sixth edition contained misprints; if you are using the APA manual, make sure you are using at least the second printing of the sixth edition.
Traditionally, psychologists were the main users of APA, but recently, students and writers in other fields began using APA style. Therefore, the sixth edition was written with a broader audience in mind. The changes made to the sixth edition reflect this broader audience. Headings are used to help guide the reader through a document. The levels are organized by levels of subordination, and each section of the paper should start with the highest level of heading. For example, in a scientific report following APA style, a report contains three sections: Method, Results, and Discussion.
Each of these sections start with level 1 headings:. Refer to participants at the appropriate level of specificity. The manual provides the example of using women and men to refer to all human beings instead of only using man. Man is appropriate to use when referring to one man but not when referring to a population that includes men and women. Refer to participants how they wish to be called. Try to avoid labels if possible, but if this is not avoidable, be respectful. Focus on the people and not the label.