Essay on role of prophet muhammad in elevation of humanity
The possibility of a scientific treatment of history means a wider experience, a greater maturity of practical reason, and finally a fuller realization of certain basic ideas regarding the nature of life and time. Life Nature History Time. Islam is itself destiny and will not suffer destiny. Islam Destiny Will Suffer. I lead no party; I follow no leader. I have given the best part of my life to careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its culture, its history and its literature. Life Best History Culture.
People who have no hold over their process of thinking are likely to be ruined by liberty of thought.
If thought is immature, liberty of thought becomes a method of converting men into animals. People Men Thinking Thought. The soul is neither inside nor outside the body; neither proximate to nor separate from it. Soul Body Inside Outside. When truth has no burning, then it is philosophy, when it gets burning from the heart, it becomes poetry. Truth Heart Poetry Philosophy. A wrong concept misleads the understanding; a wrong deed degrades the whole man, and may eventually demolish the structure of the human ego.
Man Ego Understanding Wrong. Nations are born in the hearts of poets, they prosper and die in the hands of politicians. Die Hands Born Politicians. Another way of judging the value of a prophet's religious experience, therefore, would be to examine the type of manhood that he has created, and the cultural world that has sprung out of the spirit of his message. Experience World Value Way.
Top 10 Muhammad Iqbal Quotes. View the list. The thought of a limit to perceptual space and time staggers the mind. Time Mind Space Thought. It is the lot of man to share in the deeper aspirations of the universe around him and to share his own destiny as well as that of the universe, now by adjusting himself to its forces, now by putting the whole of his energy to his own ends and purposes. Man Destiny Universe Energy. Rise above sectional interests and private ambitions Pass from matter to spirit.
Matter is diversity; spirit is light, life and unity.
Life Light Unity Diversity. It is the nature of the self to manifest itself, In every atom slumbers the might of the self. We are, therefore, duty-bound, more than anythingelse, to preserve the accounts and endeavours of the prophets for our own guidance and betterment. But, no philosophy, no education and no teaching, howsoever elevated and exalted, can inspire the people unlessits preacher or teacher has a loving personality capable ofcommanding the affection and reverence of his followers.
Recently, when I was returning horns in February, , aftera brief visit to Hijaz and Egypt, I happened to enjoy thecompany of the celebrated poet, Dr.
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RabindranSth Tagore,who was coming back from America by the same ship. Afellow passenger asked Tagore: "How is it that BrahmoSamaj has not succeeded in its mission although its creedwas exceedingly fair, it enjoined reverence to all religionsand their founders; and its fundamental principles, beingexceedingly logical and satisfying were formulated in thelight of modern science and philosophy? We, thus, need men of God, pure-hearted and impeccable, who are specimen of human perfection; for ourguidance and salvation.
May Allah bless them all. Each one of them has,in his own time, presented a winsom exam pre of his sublimeconduct and moral behaviour. If one was a model of endurance, others were emblems of selflessness, sacrifice,fervour for Truth and Oneness of God, submission to theWill of the Lord, chastity and piety, in short, each of themwas a lighthouse of guidance showing the path of exaltedbehaviour in one or the other walk of life everyman has totread in his sojourn on the earth. Man, however, stood inthe need of another guide who could illuminate the entiregamut of human behaviour, in all its manifoldness, by hiscomprehensive example of goodness and virtue.
Man, inother words, needed a perfect and universal exemplar whocould place in his hands a guide-book of practical life, sothat every wayfarer may reach his destination safely. And,this exemplar did come to the world in the person of the The Qur35n announced this gospel truth in these words : "O Prophet! We have sent thee as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner.
And as a summoner unto Allah by His permission, and, as a lamp that giveth light. Every prophet of God came to this world as a witness,or a harbinger of good tidings, or as a warner, or as asummoner, but never in the past there came a prophet whocombined all these qualities. There were witnesses toGods majesty and overlordship like Jacob, Isaac andIshmael. Others like Abraham and Jesus were the heraldsof glad tidings. There were also warners like Noah, Moses,Hud and Shucyeb, the key-note of whose forebodings wasterrible punishment awaiting the evildoers. Then, there werethe prophets like Joseph and Jonah whose teachings setthe tone for summoners to divine guidance.
But the messenger par excellence who had all these marks of prophet-hood—a witness as well as a welcomer, a warner as well asa caller—and who was a distinguished Apostle in everyrespect was none else save Muhammad. He was sent tothe world as the last Prophet, the final one, after whom noother messenger was to be sent again by God. This is thereason why he was granted a shaff-ah or the law that wasperfect and final requiring no revision in the days to come.
For the teachings of the last Prophet were to be ever-abiding, to remain unchanged to the end of time, he was1. This is an indisputable fact attestedby the pages of history. Historicity means that the genuineness of the accountsof life and character of any man put forth as a perfectexemplar should proceed notfrom any fable or a legendarytale, but from reputed sources and methodical records ofwhat we call as history. Man is never disposed, by hisframe of mind, to be deeply impressed by any happening,event or biography which he knows to be fictitious.
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For alasting impression of any character, one needs the assurance that every detail of the life, saying and doing of such apersonality is perfectly genuine and verifiable. Historicalstories have, for that very reason, a greater appeal than theworks of fiction. Another reason for the historicity of acharacter, particularly if it is intended to impart a lesson toothers, is that no bed-time fable, told to while away thehours of leisure, can be deemed to hold up a model foremulation or following its example.
For nobody can beexpected to follow a mythical or imaginary character, it isabsolutely essential that the journal of a life presented asan emblem of virtuous human conduct should be perfectlyauthentic in accordance with the criterion set for acceptanceof any event as historical. We hold all the prophets of God in reverence and payhomage to them.
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We also agree that every one of themwas a truthful messenger of divine guidance but the Lordhas Himself told us that— "Of these messengers, some of whom We have No other prophet than he was intended to be the seal of the divine messengers ; nor were the teachings of any other prophet to lasttill the Doomsday. They were all sent as models teachersand guides, no doubt; but for a particular age and people,and, hence, whatever they had taught gradually vanishedfrom the memory of humanity.
How many apostleswere sent by God to this world, to all the nations andcountries? Their numbers must run into hundreds of thousands.
Be that as it may, Islamic traditions put the figureat one hundred and twenty-four thousand although theQuran tells us the names of a few only. But, even of thosewhose names we know, how little of their life and characteris known to the world? Although there are no means toverify it, the Hindus claim that theirs was the oldest civilisation of the world. Their sacred writings mention innumerable sages, but is there one to be put forth as a historicalpersonality? More dataiied knowledge of the noble personages described in the MahabhZrata and Ramayana areundoubtedly available, but can their lives be tested on thetouchstone of history?
Nobody knows the age, or the era,or the century, or the year, or period when they lived. Certain European orientalists have, of late, hazarded theiropinion when these sages would have been living, but this1. II : Amajority of these experts do not even regard them as historical and deny that the mythological personalities describedin these books were ever born on this earth. Zoroaster, the founder of ancient Iranian faith namedafter him, is still revered by a large number of people, buthis historical personality is also hidden behind the mist ofobscurity.
Several sceptical orientalists of Europe andAmerica have doubts if a man with this name ever lived inthis world.
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Even the scholars who accept Zoroastershistorical existence, have succeeded in giving, throughguess-work, some paltry details about his life. Theseaccounts are so contradictory that no reasonable standardof practical human life can be based on them. Where wasZoroaster born, what was the year, what was his nationalityor family, what was the religion he preached, whether thescripture attributed to him is genuine, what was the languagespoken by him, when and where he died—each of thesequestions has elicited a hundred contradictory answerssince no authentic and dependable records about him areavailable to clear the mist of doubt and uncertaintyshrouding Zoroasters personality.
The Zoroastrians, or theParsees, as they are known nowadays, lack acknowledgedtraditions about their Master and have to depend on theresearches of European scholars for answering these ques-tlpns. Their national sources do not go beyond FirdausTsShahnama. It is hardly an excuse that the Greek invadersof Iran had destroyed their scriptures ; the point is that theyexist no more. The very fact of their destruction settles theissue that the teachings of Zoroaster, whatever they hadbeen, were not meant to be ever-abiding.
This, by the way,is the reason why orientalists like Kern and Darmeteterrefuse t6 accept Zoroaster as a historical figure. Another religion of aneient Asia was Buddhism whichwas once the dominant faith of the people of India, China,the wlole of Central Asia, Afghanistan and Turkistan and It was exterminated in India by Brahmanism and replaced by Islam in the Central Asia, but the power it commanded in South-Asia still sustains its faith and culture.