Anja schwanke dissertation

It is particularly important to understand how students judge the worthwhilness of scientific research questions given the central epistemic role of research questions in scientific inquiry. Based on meetings of the Society for Research into Higher Education's Student Experience Network over the past three years, the genuinely open research question is posed whether there is one or more undergraduate student experience within English higher education. Answering this question depends on whether what is taught or what is learnt is….

Dissertation Anja Lux - Anja schwanke dissertation

Networking among young global health researchers through an intensive training approach: a mixed methods exploratory study. Networks are increasingly regarded as essential in health research aimed at influencing practice and policies. Less research has focused on the role networking can play in researchers ' careers and its broader impacts on capacity strengthening in health research. A mixed-methods exploratory study was conducted among SI alumni and facilitators who had participated in at least one SI between and Alumni and facilitators completed an online short questionnaire, and a subset participated in an in-depth interview.

Synthesis occurred through the development of a process model relevant to networking through the SIs. Through networking at the SIs, participants experienced decreased isolation and strengthened working relationships. Participants accessed new knowledge, opportunities, and resources through networking during the SI. Post-SI, participants reported ongoing contact and collaboration, although most participants desired more opportunities for interaction. They made suggestions for structural supports to networking among new global health researchers. Networking at the SI contributed positively to opportunities for individuals, and contributed to the formation of a network of global health researchers.

Intentional inclusion of networking in health research capacity strengthening initiatives, with supportive resources and infrastructure could create dynamic, sustainable networks accessible to global health researchers around the world. Background Networks are increasingly regarded as essential in health research aimed at influencing practice and policies. Methods A mixed-methods exploratory study was conducted among SI alumni and facilitators who had participated in at least one SI between and Results Through networking at the SIs, participants experienced decreased isolation and strengthened working relationships.

Conclusions Networking at the SI contributed positively to opportunities for individuals, and contributed to the formation of a network of global health researchers.

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The Sloan Work and Family Research Network has prepared Fact Sheets that provide statistical answers to some important questions about work-family and work-life issues. This Fact Sheet includes statistics about Child Care, and answers the following questions about child care: 1 How many children are in child care? Given the significance of questioning as a high-level cognitive strategy in language teaching and learning in the literature on TEFL as well as in education in general, this study sought to make a systematic review of research studies conducted in the span of the last three decades on the issue of questioning across different disciplines with a….

This Fact Sheet includes statistics about Afterschool Care, and answers the following questions about afterschool programs: 1 How does afterschool care help children? To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers…. This volume compiles and reprints the responses of 37 organizations to a series of questions issued by the House Committee on Agriculture in anticipation of debates concerning the Research Title of the Farm Bill due for updating and revision.

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The questions address some of the following topics: the role of the federal government in…. The purpose of this article is to bring attention to the 10 most pressing questions relevant to musculoskeletal physical fitness testing in children and adolescents. The goal is to stimulate research to answer these questions. The most pressing needs include establishing definitive links between valid, reliable, and feasible field test measures of….

Consistency in the title, problem, purpose, and research question improve the logic and transparency of research. When these components of research are aligned research design and planning are more coherent and research reports are more readable. This article reviews the process for checking for and improving consistency. Numerous examples of…. From ideas to studies: how to get ideas and sharpen them into research questions.


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Where do new research questions come from? This is at best only partially taught in courses or textbooks about clinical or epidemiological research. Methods are taught under the assumption that a researcher already knows the research question and knows which methods will fit that question. Similarly, the real complexity of the thought processes that lead to a scientific undertaking is almost never described in published papers.

In this paper, we first discuss how to get an idea that is worth researching. We describe sources of new ideas and how to foster a creative attitude by "cultivating your thoughts". Only a few of these ideas will make it into a study. Next, we describe how to sharpen and focus a research question so that a study becomes feasible and a valid test of the underlying idea.

To do this, the idea needs to be "pruned". Pruning a research question means cutting away anything that is unnecessary, so that only the essence remains. This includes determining both the latent and the stated objectives, specific pruning questions , and the use of specific schemes to structure reasoning. After this, the following steps include preparation of a brief protocol, conduct of a pilot study, and writing a draft of the paper including draft tables. Then you are ready to carry out your research. An exploratory study examining the influence of translation on the validity and reliability of qualitative data in nursing research.

Although the complexity of undertaking qualitative research with non-English speaking informants has become increasingly recognized, few empirical studies exist which explore the influence of translation on the findings of the study. The aim of this exploratory study was therefore to examine the influence of translation on the reliability and validity of the findings of a qualitative research study. In-depth interviews were undertaken in Cantonese with a convenience sample of six women to explore their perceptions of factors influencing their uptake of Pap smears.

writinghands.com/155-best-tracking.php Data analysis involved three stages. The first stage involved the translation and transcription of all the interviews into English independently by two translators as well as transcription into Chinese by a third researcher. The second stage involved content analysis of the three data sets to develop categories and themes and the third stage involved a comparison of the categories and themes generated from the Chinese and English data sets.

Despite no significant differences in the major categories generated from the Chinese and English data, some minor differences were identified in the themes generated from the data. More significantly the results of the study demonstrated some important issues to consider when using translation in qualitative research , in particular the complexity of managing data when no equivalent word exists in the target language and the influence of the grammatical style on the analysis. In addition the findings raise questions about the significance of the conceptual framework of the research design and sampling to the validity of the study.

The importance of using only one translator to maximize the reliability of the study was also demonstrated. In addition the author suggests the findings demonstrate particular problems in using translation in phenomenological research designs. This article reports on a study of research needs and learning preferences of graduate students at a public research university.

A sequential exploratory mixed-method design was used, with a survey instrument developed from an initial qualitative stage. Significant differences were found between master's and doctoral students' and on-campus and…. Background The habitual "any other comments" general open question at the end of structured questionnaires has the potential to increase response rates, elaborate responses to closed questions , and allow respondents to identify new issues not captured in the closed questions.

However, we believe that many researchers have collected such data and failed to analyse or present it. Discussion General open questions at the end of structured questionnaires can present a problem because of their uncomfortable status of being strictly neither qualitative nor quantitative data, the consequent lack of clarity around how to analyse and report them, and the time and expertise needed to do so.

We suggest that the value of these questions can be optimised if researchers start with a clear understanding of the type of data they wish to generate from such a question , and employ an appropriate strategy when designing the study. The intention can be to generate depth data or 'stories' from purposively defined groups of respondents for qualitative analysis, or to produce quantifiable data, representative of the population sampled, as a 'safety net' to identify issues which might complement the closed questions.

Summary We encourage researchers to consider developing a more strategic use of general open questions at the end of structured questionnaires. This may optimise the quality of the data and the analysis, reduce dilemmas regarding whether and how to analyse such data, and result in a more ethical approach to making best use of the data which respondents kindly provide. European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Establishing the key unanswered research questions within gastrointestinal endoscopy.

Background and study aim: Gastrointestinal endoscopy is a rapidly evolving research field. Establishing key unanswered questions within the field of endoscopy and prioritizing those that are important enables researchers and funders to appropriately allocate resources.

Research workshops were held at the 21st United European Gastroenterology Week. Results: The final questionnaire yielded responses from over 60 countries. The three countries with the highest response rates were Spain, Italy, and United Kingdom. Responses were analyzed with weighted rankings, resulting in prioritization of 26 key unanswered questions. The top ranked generic questions were: 1 How do we define the correct surveillance interval following endoscopic diagnosis? Conclusion: Following this comprehensive process, the ESGE has identified and ranked the key unanswered questions within the field of gastrointestinal endoscopy.

Researchers , funders, and journals should prioritize studies that seek to answer these important questions. The most important questions in cancer research and clinical oncology series: Questions : Edited by Chinese Journal of Cancer. To accelerate our endeavors to overcome cancer, Chinese Journal of Cancer has launched a program of publishing most important questions in cancer research and clinical oncology.

In this article, 6 more questions are presented as followed. Question Does imprinting of immune responses to infections early in life predict future risk of childhood and adult cancers? Question How to induce homogeneous tumor antigen expression in a heterogeneous tumor mass to enhance the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy?

Question Could we enhance the therapeutic effects of immunotherapy by targeting multiple tumor antigens simultaneously or sequentially? Question Can immuno-targeting to cytokines halt cancer metastasis? Question How can the immune system destroy the niches for cancer initiation? This paper addresses research implications of proposed modifications of the definition of "severe emotional disturbance" to include students with conduct disorders.

Research questions focus on understanding the nature of antisocial, aggressive behavior in children and youth and identifying what services they need. Research is cited suggesting that….